China LTFE Network - Zhengzhou

This experiment has been added by the GLTEN Curators using existing published sources.
Objective
To assess the sustainability of agricultural systems including: 1. whether acceptable crop yields can be maintained over a long period, 2. the nutrient inputs required to maintain crop yields and soil reserves of nutrients 3. understand costs of nutrient losses
Description
This experiment is part of the China National Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Efficiency Long-term Monitor Network which aims to address problems around sustainability of agricultural systems by studying cropping systems across nine highly diverse regions of China. The experiments represent approximately 86 Mha of arable land in China and are relevant to large areas in other parts of Asia and elsewhere. It is unclear if this experiment is still ongoing.
Data Access Statement
Don't know
Data license
Don't know
Data policy
Don't know
Organization
China National Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Efficiency Long-term Monitor Network
research network
People

Site: Zhengzhou

Location
Zhengzhou
Henan
China
Geographic location
46.217852, -0.703125
© OpenStreetMap contributors
Elevation
91 Metres
Visits permitted?
No
Soil description
Soil type is Fluvoaquic with a silt loam texture.
Soil properties
VariableDepthValue (range)UnitsRef yearEstimated?Baseline?
sand content0 – 20 Centimetres26.5 Percent
silt content0 – 20 Centimetres60.7 Percent
clay content0 – 20 Centimetres12.8 Percent
soil density0 – 20 Centimetres1.55 gram per cubic centimetre
soil pH0 – 20 Centimetres8.3
soil organic carbon0 – 20 Centimetres6.6 gram per kilogram
total soil nitrogen0 – 20 Centimetres0.65 gram per kilogram
Climate properties
VariableTime periodValue (range)Units
air temperature14.2 degree Celsius
precipitation644 millimeter

Design period: (1990—)

Design Type
Randomized complete block design
Description
The experiments have a single block with treatments randomized within it. Experiments are unreplicated. Plots measure 400 m2. The experiment uses a double cropping of a wheat-maize rotation with two crops per year.
Design description
Plots are 45m2
Number of replicates
3
Number of harvests per year
2
Crops
CropYears grown
winter wheat
maize
Crop Rotation
Unnamed
  • 1
    winter wheat
    winter crop
    maize
    summer crop
Factors
Factor name
Factor levels
nitrogen fertilizer exposure
N  (165 kgN/ha)
Chemical form: urea
188 kg N ha-1 to maize. For wheat where N treatments are combined with manure, N is applied at a lower rate to bring the total N application to 165 kg N ha-1.
N1.5  (74 kgN/ha)
Chemical form: urea
188 kg N ha-1 to maize. For wheat where N treatments are combined with manure, N is applied at a lower rate to bring the total N application to 247 kg N ha-1.
phosphate fertilizer exposure
P  (36 kgP/ha)
Chemical form: single superphosphate
41 kg P ha-1 to maize
P1.5  (54 kgP/ha)
Chemical form: single superphosphate
62 kg P ha-1 to maize
potassium fertilizer exposure
K  (68 kgK/ha)
Chemical form: potassium sulphate
78 kg K ha-1 to maize
K1.5  (102 kgK/ha)
Chemical form: potassium sulphate
117 kg K ha-1 to maize
natural fertilizer exposure
St  (4.1 t.ha)
Chemical form: maize straw
M  (22.5 t/ha)
Chemical form: horse manure
M1.5  (33.75 t/ha)
Chemical form: horse manure
Factor combinations
Control
No inputs applied
N
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
NP
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P
NK
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
potassium fertilizer exposure: K
PK
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P
potassium fertilizer exposure: K
NPK
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P
potassium fertilizer exposure: K
NPK+M
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P
potassium fertilizer exposure: K
natural fertilizer exposure: -
NPK+ST
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P
potassium fertilizer exposure: K
natural fertilizer exposure: St
1.5(NPK+M)
nitrogen fertilizer exposure: N1.5
phosphate fertilizer exposure: P1.5
potassium fertilizer exposure: K1.5
natural fertilizer exposure: M1.5
Measurements
VariableMaterialUnitsFrequencyScaleComment
grain yield traitAll crops
nitrogen contentAll crops
phosphorous contentAll crops
potassium contentAll crops

Related publications

  • Zhao, B.-q., Li, X.-y., Li, X.-p., Shi, X.-j., Huang, S.-m., Wang, B.-r., Zhu, P., Yang, X.-y., Liu, H., Chen, Y., Poulton, P., Powlson, D., Todd, A. and Payne, R. (2010), Long-Term Fertilizer Experiment Network in China: Crop Yields and Soil Nutrient Trends. Agron. J., 102: 216-230.
  • Shaojun Qiu, Huiyi Yang, Shuiqing Zhang, Shaomin Huang, Shicheng Zhao, Xingpeng Xu, Ping He, Wei Zhou, Ying Zhao, Na Yan, Nikolaos Nikolaidis, Peter Christie, Steven A. Banwart, 2023. Carbon storage in an arable soil combining field measurements, aggregate turnover modeling and climate scenarios, CATENA, Volume 220, Part A, 106708