Sustainable Agriculture Intensification in a Vertisol soil (Parana - Argentina)

Local identifier
Picto Vertisol
Years operational
2008—
Objective
Evaluate the impact of crop sequences intensification on physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil, and on the productivity in a Vertisol soil from Entre Ríos.
Data Access Statement
Available to collaborators only
Data license
Don't know
Data policy
Don't know
Organization
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
research organisation
People
Dr. Leonardo Novelli
principal investigator
INTA EEA Paraná, Argentina - National University of Entre Ríos - CONICET
Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná
Leonardo Coll
experiment manager
INTA-Argentina

Site: INTA Parana - Argentina

Type
research station field
Local code
3101
Location
Oro Verde
Entre Ríos
Argentina
Geographic location
-31.8331222, -60.5444861111111
© OpenStreetMap contributors
Elevation
63 Metres
Slope
5.2°
Visits permitted?
No
History
Before the LTE was established, soil management practices included wheat/soybean-maize rotation under no-tillage for more than 10 years.
Soil type
phaeozem
Soil description
Same experiment in a Mollisol and a Vertisols (USDA Soil Taxonomy)
Climatic type
humid subtropical climate
Climate properties
VariableTime periodValue (range)Units
air temperature18.3 degree Celsius
precipitation1100 millimeter

Design period: Picto Vertisol (2008—)

Design Type
Randomized complete block design
Description
This experiment is identical to the LTE Sustainable Agriculture Intensification in a Molisol soil (Paraná - Argentina). This site is spaced 2 km apart.
Number of plots
33
Number of replicates
3
Number of harvests per year
2
Crops
CropYears grown
soybeans
peas
maize
wheat
wheat cover crop
Crop Rotations
Sy  2008—
  • 1
    soybeans
Pea/Sy  2010—
  • 1
    peas
    Between 2010 to 2018, peas was used as a cover crop
    soybeans
M-W/Sy  2008—
  • 1
    maize
  • 2
    wheat
    soybeans
W/Sy-Pea/M  2009—
  • 1
    wheat
    soybeans
  • 2
    peas
    Since 2010 to 2018, peas was used as a cover crop. Now, is used as a grain crop.
    maize
    Since 2010 to 2018 was in early sown. After that was in late sown.
W/Sy  2008—
  • 1
    wheat
    soybeans
CCW/Sy  2008—
  • 1
    wheat cover crop
    Between 2008 to 2010, was sown (wheat+white clover/soybean) and maize in the second year
    soybeans
M-Sy  2010—
  • 1
    maize
    Between 2008 to 2018, one plot was sown with with clover/soybean double crop by two consecutive years.
  • 2
    soybeans
    In season 2012, was added an additional plot in order to include the two rotation phases.
M  2009—
  • 1
    maize
    In early son (september)
Factor
Factor name
Factor levels
crop rotation
Measurements
VariableMaterialUnitsFrequencyScaleComment
grain yield traitAll cropskg/haanuallySince 2008 to 2010, the experiment has 4 blocks. After that, it was reduced to 3 blocks.
stover biomassNot specifiedkilogram per hectareanually
SOC, TN, PNot specified%usuallyIn some years, were included physical, chemical and biological soil properties measurements.

Related publications