Sustainable Agriculture Intensification in a Molisol soil (Parana -Argentina)

Local identifier
Picto Molisol
Years operational
2008—
Objective
Evaluate the impact of crop sequences intensification on physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil, and on the productivity in a Molisol soil from Entre Ríos.
Data Access Statement
Available to collaborators only
Data license
Don't know
Data policy
Don't know
Organization
Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria
research organisation
People
Dr. Leonardo Novelli
principal investigator
INTA EEA Paraná-Argentina; National University of Entre Ríos; CONICET
Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná
Leonardo Coll
experiment manager
INTA-Argentina

Site: INTA Parana (Argentina)

Type
research station field
Local code
3101
Location
Oro Verde
Entre Ríos
Argentina
Geographic location
-31.8510222, -60.5405
© OpenStreetMap contributors
Elevation
100 Metres
Slope
3.2°
Visits permitted?
No
History
Before the LTE was established, soil management practices included wheat/soybean-maize rotation under no-tillage for more than 10 years.
Soil type
Luvic Phaeozem
Soil description
Mollisols (USDA Soil Taxonomy, Aquic Argiudol); Tezanos Pinto Series
Climatic type
humid subtropical climate
Climate properties
VariableTime periodValue (range)Units
air temperature 1934 – 18.3 degree Celsius
precipitation 1934 – 1100 millimeter

Design period: Picto Mollisol (2008—)

Design Type
Randomized complete block design
Number of plots
44
Number of subplots
0
Number of replicates
4
Number of harvests per year
2
Crops
CropYears grown
soybeans
pea
wheat
maize
Wheat cover crop
Crop Rotations
Sy  2008—
  • 1
    soybeans
Pea/Sy  2010—
  • 1
    pea
    Since 2010 to 2018 pea was used as a cover crop. Between 2008 to 2010 was sown soybean (year 1) and maize (year 2)
    soybeans
M-W/Sy  2008—
  • 1
    wheat
    soybeans
  • 2
    maize
    in early sown (september)
W/Sy-Pea/M  2010—
  • 1
    wheat
    soybeans
  • 2
    pea
    since 2010 to 2018, pea was sown as a cover crop.
    maize
    In late sown (december) since 2018. Between 2010 to 2018 was sown in September
W/Sy  2008—
  • 1
    wheat
    -
CCw/Sy  2010—
  • 1
    Wheat cover crop
    Since 2008 to 2010, this plot has (wheat+white clover)/soybean (double crop) and maize in the second year
    soybeans
M-Sy  2010—
  • 1
    maize
    Since 2008 to 2010, this plot has withe clover/soybean in two consecutive years. In season 2012, was added an additional plot in order to include the two phases of rotation
  • 2
    soybeans
M  2008—
  • 1
    maize
    In the year 2008, this plot has white clover/soybean double crop
Factor
Factor name
Factor levels
crop rotation
Measurements
VariableMaterialUnitsFrequencyScaleComment
grain yield traitAll cropskgS/haannually
stover biomassAll cropskg sulfur per hectareanually
SOC, TNNot specified%usuallyIn some years, there are chemical, physical and biological measurements.

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